[Submitted on 19 Mar 2024]

Download a PDF of the paper titled Bypassing LLM Watermarks with Color-Aware Substitutions, by Qilong Wu and 1 other authors

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Abstract:Watermarking approaches are proposed to identify if text being circulated is human or large language model (LLM) generated. The state-of-the-art watermarking strategy of Kirchenbauer et al. (2023a) biases the LLM to generate specific (“green”) tokens. However, determining the robustness of this watermarking method is an open problem. Existing attack methods fail to evade detection for longer text segments. We overcome this limitation, and propose {\em Self Color Testing-based Substitution (SCTS)}, the first “color-aware” attack. SCTS obtains color information by strategically prompting the watermarked LLM and comparing output tokens frequencies. It uses this information to determine token colors, and substitutes green tokens with non-green ones. In our experiments, SCTS successfully evades watermark detection using fewer number of edits than related work. Additionally, we show both theoretically and empirically that SCTS can remove the watermark for arbitrarily long watermarked text.

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From: Varun Chandrasekaran [view email]
[v1]
Tue, 19 Mar 2024 17:54:39 UTC (11,775 KB)



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