[Submitted on 1 Mar 2024]

Download a PDF of the paper titled SoK: Security of Programmable Logic Controllers, by Efr\’en L\’opez-Morales (Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi) and 5 other authors

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Abstract:Billions of people rely on essential utility and manufacturing infrastructures such as water treatment plants, energy management, and food production. Our dependence on reliable infrastructures makes them valuable targets for cyberattacks. One of the prime targets for adversaries attacking physical infrastructures are Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs) because they connect the cyber and physical worlds. In this study, we conduct the first comprehensive systematization of knowledge that explores the security of PLCs: We present an in-depth analysis of PLC attacks and defenses and discover trends in the security of PLCs from the last 17 years of research. We introduce a novel threat taxonomy for PLCs and Industrial Control Systems (ICS). Finally, we identify and point out research gaps that, if left ignored, could lead to new catastrophic attacks against critical infrastructures.

Submission history

From: Efren Lopez-Morales [view email]
[v1]
Fri, 1 Mar 2024 04:53:41 UTC (1,028 KB)



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